Abstract: As exemplified in the 2010 Stuxnet attack, it is well recognized that cyber attackers can embed infections in electronic equipment that result in disruptions to the operation of mission critical cyber-physical systems. To combat this threat, a new set of resilience-based cybersecurity solutions is proposed to enhance the security of systems by complementing existing defense-oriented security solutions. These resilience solutions are intended to sustain the operation of critical system functions that have been successfully attacked. Cybersecurity solutions of this type must take into account the specifics of how the system being protected operates, leading to identifying the potential solutions as System Aware Cybersecurity. Based upon a series of results derived from research efforts initiated in 2010, this presentation discusses the opportunity to develop a generally applicable Smart Sentinel platform to facilitate the integration of reusable resilience design patterns that protect critical system functions from high risk cyber attacks. Based upon experience and specific results gained from a series of prototype-based operationally oriented technology experiments, the presentation will highlight the critical path importance of coupling research addressing human factors and system-level, model-based solution evaluation tools, to technology-focused research activities.
Bio: Dr. Horowitz joined the University of Virginia’s faculty as a Professor in the Systems and Information Engineering Department in September 2001, after an industrial career involving the application of systems engineering to many large and complex systems. He served in the role of Department Chair from 2009 -2017. Since 2010 he has been leading research efforts on a systems engineering approach for addressing cyber security through resiliency solutions. From 1969 through 1996 he was employed in a variety of positions at the MITRE Corporation, including serving as President and CEO. In 2014, Horowitz was appointed by the Governor of Virginia to serve for a 2-year period as a Commissioner for Cybersecurity, leading an economic development working group within the Commonwealth to create new initiatives that couple cyber security and physical systems. As a result of his efforts, in 1996 Dr Horowitz was elected into the National Academy of Engineering. Early in his career he led an FAA sponsored prototyping-based research effort at MITRE that resulted in the initial flight tests for what eventually became the internationally adopted airborne collision avoidance system, TCAS. For his efforts during Desert Storm, resulting in a systems integration solution for detecting and destroying Scud missile carriers, he received the Air Force’s highest award for a civilian. Dr. Horowitz has served as a member of the Naval Studies Board (NSB), of the National Academy of Science, as a member of General Electric’s Academic Software Advisory Panel and is a member of the Cyber Security Advisory Board for the Virginia Joint Commission on Science and Technology (JCOTS). In addition, Dr. Horowitz has served on and led study groups for the NAE, the Defense Science Board and the Army Science Board. Dr. Horowitz received an MSEE and PhD from New York University and a BEE from the City College of New York.