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Friday Afternoon Session Details

For October 13, 2017, session schedule click here.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 1:00 pm – 1:15 pm
Session Invited Presentation
Presenters David Long, Vitech and INCOSE Past-President
Title Reimagining Systems Engineering
Summary Today’s challenges continue to grow in complexity, and the pace of change continues to accelerate. Traditional engineering disciplines are evolving to meet these challenges but struggle to do so successfully from within their silos. At the same time, systems engineering seeks to transform itself to model-based approaches, but far more is required. If systems engineering remains as it is today, we are on the short road to irrelevance. It’s time to move beyond the art of systems engineering and our traditional base of practice and engineer our place in meeting the grand challenges of the 21st century.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 2:00 pm – 2:40 pm
Session Session 11a
Presenters John Gill
Title Learning from Nature's Methods of System Architecting and Engineering
Summary Nature has “engineered” elegant and robust solutions to meet the challenges associated with life in ecosystems that vary widely from mountaintops to the depths of the earth’s oceans. Biomimetics is the study of nature’s creatures living in these diverse habitats with the intent of applying their evolutionary advances to our own engineered products and systems. In this presentation, Dr. Gill extends this study to the very process nature invokes as she creates new capabilities and sometimes, species. The compare and contrast of nature’s processes with our own leads to some interesting insights regarding some natural constraints under which nature does her work and the relatively unconstrained world in which we design and build complex systems. Dr. Gill also looks to the future to better understand what might be the implications of adopting (or ignoring) some of the basic elements of nature’s time-honored evolutionary process. Target audience(s) are systems engineers and architects, particularly those working in biomedical system.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 2:45 pm – 3:25 pm
Session Session 11b
Presenters Rand Whillock, John Hatcliff, and Paul Jones
Title Risk Analysis of Medical Device System of Systems
Summary Medical devices and systems are increasingly being built using interoperability and platform approaches. Work in the standards community is laying the foundations for safety, security, and risk management approaches for “systems of systems” of medical devices built using “medical application platforms” (MAP). A MAP is a safety- and security- critical real-time computing platform for (a) integrating heterogeneous devices, medical IT systems, and information displays via a communication infrastructure and (b) hosting application programs ("apps") that provide medical utility via the ability to both acquire information from and update/control integrated devices, IT systems, and displays.
Risk management, including performing component-level and system-level hazard analyses, is very challenging in this context because activities are spread across different organizations and across different component roles including infrastructure components, conventional medical devices, and software-based application logic. In this talk, we present (a) an overview of tooling being developed to support risk management activities in this context using the SAE standard Architecture and Analysis Definition Language (AADL) Error Modeling Annex and (b) novel supporting analysis automation developed by Adventium Labs and Kansas State University.
We describe how modeling and analysis activities would be integrated into risk management processes in ISO 14971 and IEC 80001, and we summarize how these existing processes need to be enhanced to address the distributed development and component reuse inherent in the MAP approach. This work is funded in part by the National Science Foundation’s FDA Scholar-in-Residence program and a Phase II SBIR from the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC).

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 2:00 pm – 3:25 pm
Session Panel Discussion 3
Moderator William Schindel
Panelists Marian Heller, Garry Roedler, Logen Johnson, Kristen Gerzina
Title Accelerating Innovation Effectiveness: New Collaboration Roles for Engineering Societies and Regulators
Summary Society benefits from innovation across the dimensions of life, including advancements in aviation and ground transportation, medicine and health care, production of food, energy, communication, and information systems, distribution of products and services, and other evolving systems. In many of these areas, society also depends upon effective regulation to protect us from undue risks involving safety, credibility, and other aspects. Sometimes we hear questions of whether the systems of regulation are effective in their balance of reward and risk to society. Not so well known are the collaborative efforts by regulators and technical professional societies (ASME, INCOSE, others) to advance new frameworks in which the expectations of regulators and innovators are recognized on behalf of the society both serve. This panel will discuss some contemporary efforts, beyond traditional standards-making of earlier generations, including the perspectives of engineering societies, regulators, and enterprises. The discussion will include consideration of how computational models are changing this environment, and ask questions about the implications for future innovation, and the practicality of sharing regulatory and industry models and patterns. Part of a continuing conversation intended to engage more of our communities in these efforts.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 2:00 pm – 2:40 pm
Session Session 12a
Presenters Sean McCoy
Title Complex Technology Trends Affecting Complex Systems
Summary In this session, the presenter will explore the many technology trends that are creating more complexity for systems that are already complicated and complex. This includes "smart devices", the "Smart Grid", consumer electronics now integrating with commercial systems, the need for more secure and trusted systems, everything connected to everything, Digital Ledger Technology, the Internet of Things, etc.
The presentation will also explore the difference between complicated systems (those with many parts, yet still with finite states) and complex systems (those with fewer parts, but with complex components without a finite list of states). With these new complex systems that are not deterministic and without a list of finite states, how does the approach to Systems Engineering need to change? The largest areas of impact are in the categories of performance, scaling, FMEA, and verification.
When devices are "smart", self-optimizing, and maybe operate differently from one transaction to the next, what is the Systems Engineering approach that can deliver a system with clearly-known failure criteria? Engineers can calculate the amount of weight needed to collapse a bridge, or the size of an earthquake that will collapse a building. But how do we calculate the performance and scaling capacity, or calculate the breaking point, of software systems that use distributed virtual servers where 2 sequential transactions could be executed on 2 different servers, on 2 different server farms, on 2 different networks, on 2 different continents, running 2 different versions of software?
In addition, the presentation will explore the migration of embedded software systems from discrete finite state-machines to complex state-machines that have non-deterministic states - systems that allow for custom programming, user-defined interactions with external systems, adaptive systems that learn and self-optimize.
Finally, the merging of consumer electronics with commercial systems is becoming the new norm. The land of consumer electronics has new innovations every few months, yet all that new technology is being integrated with systems intended to last 10, 20, or even 30 years. What impact does this trend have on Systems Engineering?

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 2:45 pm – 3:25 pm
Session Session 12b
Presenters Charles Vono
Title Fundamentals of Complex System Sustainment
Summary The trend since Evans built his flour mill in the 1780's has been for the creation of more and more complex systems. In recent times, many of these systems are required to be sustained for longer and longer lifetimes, far exceeding the original design expectations. These trends will continue, throwing more people into the role of complex system sustainers. Today, numerous tools, disciplines, and approaches support complex system sustainment, such as systems engineering. But no single unifying approach has been put forth to be universally accepted. The audience member who recognizes that their job involves keeping a complex system meeting its mission for decades will appreciate the usefulness and simplicity of this management model. It is based on systems engineering principles and is fashioned after the approach used to sustain our nation's ICBM forces. It consists of unique approaches to system observation, sustainment risk identification, and the fielding of risk mitigations. These 3 key areas are made practical by common sense approaches to creating teams, maintaining useful processes, and exploiting today's computer tech.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 4:00 pm – 4:40 pm
Session Session 13a
Presenters David Long, INCOSE Past President
Title Systems Engineering Your MBSE Deployment
Summary Model-based systems engineering is many things. It is architecture and analytics. It is communica6on and engineering. It is methods and tools. Fundamentally, it represents a change in technique and fidelity for systems engineering and those who practice it. The one thing that MBSE is not is one size fits all. As individuals and organizations deploy MBSE, they fall into several traps. Many believe model-based systems engineering to be a tool or technical problem. While there is certainly a technical dimension and selecting the proper tool for the problem and process is key, the adoption of model-based systems engineering is far bigger. It is technology, people, training, and change at an individual, project, and potentially organizational level. If we practice what we preach and bring a systems engineering approach to deploying MBSE, we can fundamentally change the impact and increase the likelihood of success. Assessing the environment and drawing the system boundary…defining the scope, eliciting requirement, and identifying constraints…considering behaviors and deploying the solu6on – all are critical to defining the right problem and solving the problem right. All are key in avoiding many of the traps along the way. Building upon good systems engineering practice and practical lessons learned from deployments across industry – some successful, some challenged – we can identify best practices going forward as we continue to apply and advance systems engineering within our organizations.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 4:45 pm – 5:30 pm
Session Session 13b
Presenters Charles Krueger
Title Feature-based Product Line Engineering: ISO Standards Initiative and Recent Industry Experience
Summary As market demand for product sophistication and diversity continues to grow, companies face new levels of systems engineering complexity. Feature-based Product Line Engineering (PLE) is a game-changing paradigm for addressing this complexity by dramatically simplifying the creation, delivery, maintenance, and evolution of a product line portfolio. Feature-based PLE enables a unified variant management approach across the full lifecycle including engineering and operations disciplines; software, electrical, and mechanical domains; and tool ecosystems. By providing a “single source of feature truth,” Feature-based PLE enables a holistic view into the feature variations for a product family, eliminating the need for different variant management mechanisms across the organization. This presentation will highlight how Feature-based PLE has emerged as one of the foremost areas of innovation within the systems engineering field today, and provide insight into INCOSE’s ISO PLE standards initiative currently underway. Session presenter, Dr. Charles Krueger (selected by INCOSE to lead this PLE standards effort), will explore how the new standards provide definitive guidance on the modern Feature-based PLE approaches and best practices that are enabling the industry’s most notable PLE success stories. Attendees will learn: (1) The significance of Feature-based PLE as a key enabler for leading-edge systems engineering practices. (2) How some of the world’s largest forward-thinking organizations are leveraging Feature-based PLE to engineer their competitive advantage through order-of-magnitude improvements in productivity, time-to-market, portfolio scalability, and product quality. (3) Insight into the new PLE standards, designated ISO/IEC 26580, which will provide concise specifications that engineering organizations can apply to best comprehend, tailor, and adopt the most efficient, effective and proven PLE methods and processes. (4) How modern, featured-based automation approaches are used to remove the complexities that existed with early-generation PLE techniques — such as asset cloning, branching and merging — which created barriers to PLE adoption in the past.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 4:00 pm – 4:40 pm
Session Session 14b
Presenters Gordon Kranz and David Walden
Title Integrating Systems Engineering & Project Management: Using Systems Engineering Artifacts for Better Inform Earned Value Management
Summary Many projects use Earned Value Management (EVM) to plan and assess progress. Project Management (PM) relies on accurate EVM data to effectively and efficiently manage projects. However, many EVM professionals have said that cost and schedule performance are not well connected with program technical accomplishments and this leads to inconsistent and misleading EVM reporting. This presentation discusses integrating Systems Engineering (SE) artifacts with EVM to ensure claimed Earned Value represents an accurate assessment of the program progress to plan. Technical Performance Measures (TPMs) and Risk Management will be used as examples of this type of SE and PM integration.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 4:45 pm – 5:30 pm
Session Session 14b
Presenters Randall Russell
Title Industry 4.0, Systems Engineering, and V4I
Summary Industry 4.0 presents a fundamental systems engineering performance challenge. This presentation sets the context for Industry 4.0, articulates the fundamental innovation cycles, and characterizes two foundational elements for consideration: the Digital Thread and the Digital Twin. The presentation will outline the critical role for the systems engineer in Industry 4.0, and the benefit of MBSE as a necessary capability for success. The presentation highlights the role Industry 4.0 in the National Network of Manufacturing Innovation Institutes (Manufacturing USA), and specifically the relationship to the Virtual Verification Validation and Visualization Institute (V4I) as enablers for systems engineers to accelerate the benefits and impact of systems engineering discipline for pragmatic innovation.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 4:00 pm – 4:40 pm
Session Session 15a
Presenters Enanga Fale, Chris Brinkley, Timothy Kramer
Title Driving Systems Engineering Across a Product Line
Summary Author seeks to demonstrate how to leverage systems thinking in requirements generation and evaluation to produce product line requirements and functional decomposition strategies across subsystem components. These strategies demonstrate best practices in driving design independence and product specification commonalities through the creation of common sets of requirements to increase product line re-use and accelerated development cycles.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 4:45 pm – 5:30 pm
Session Session 15b
Presenters Dr. Christian von Holst and Arne Hoffman
Title Method for the Impact Assessment of Interdisciplinary Requirement or Component Changes Evaluated on a Tractor’s Steering System
Summary The development of hydro-mechatronic systems requires a change for John Deere. The global markets, increasing automation and machine interaction are driving complexity of John Deere products and growing interdisciplinary requirements. In addition, more demanding customer expectations require a change in product development methods and processes.
The current plan-driven and document-based processes are challenging the product development process. More of the inherent product and market knowledge of the whole John Deere organization has to be made available quicker, more structured, and to a broader community. The disruptive effects of changes in planned development processes has to be reduced. Therefore more emphasis is put on agile and model-based approaches.
In this context, Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) applies a promising development paradigm. MBSE centralizes the concept of systems within a coherent model that captures a proper level of detail and a consistent traceability. Thus, it can effectively support the entire application life-cycle from the early stages of product development through the later stages of product disposal. Considering the systems model has to be embedded in the corporate infrastructure to be part of the product lifecycle management (PLM), it shall integrate different product data across tools as part of the PLM.
The underlying thesis presents a method consisting of two parts. First, it enables the establishment and use of MBSE in the application field mentioned. The traceability allows a cross-disciplinary impact analysis when requirement or component changes are appearing. Second, the method is validated at least partially by the current example of the steering system for mid-tractors at John Deere. This ensures the demanded usability of the method and determines new need for research.

Section Date Time October 13, 2017, 5:30 pm – 6:00 pm
Session Closing
Presenters Troy Peterson and William Schindel

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